Local Butterfly Information
Here is a compilation of Oklahoma
Butterfly Watching Locations
Here is a checklist of
Butterflies of Mohawk Park compiled by Jim Thayer
John Nelson, Professor Emeritus
of Biology at ORU, has graciously allowed us to post these lists of the
documented butterfly & moth species records by county for Oklahoma
& moth species records
by county for Oklahoma.
Butterfly Links of Local
Master Gardeners web site has a section of information about the
butterflies of Tulsa County, featuring photos by TAS member Jim Thayer.
(Click on lawn & garden help. Click on Butterflies. There are pictures
of the butterflies of the 5 families that are listed on the handout
"Butterflies you are most likely to see in your backyard".
TAS member John Fisher has created the OKLeps
Yahoo Discussion Group for sharing information about the butterflies
Raney's Random Natural Acts web site has lots of good photographs of
Arkansas butterflies (many of which also occur in Oklahoma) along with a
few other critters and some wonderful essays on being out in the woods.
and Moths of North America is an outstanding resource site now
hosted by Montana State University's Big Sky Institute. Formerly hosted
by the USGS's
Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, the contents include
photos, species descriptions, habitat, larval food plants, range maps,
and conservation status.
a comprehensive online resource that will include information on
taxonomy and identification, distribution and habitat, life history and
bibliography for all butterfly taxa in America, including species,
subspecies and undescribed geographic variants.
Butterflies and Moths of
Butterflies and Moths of North America is an ambitious effort to
collect, store, and share species information and occurrence data.
North American Butterﬂy
The North American Butterfly Association (NABA) formed in 1992 is, by
far, the largest group of people in North America (Canada, United
States, and Mexico) interested in butterflies. We are a membership-based
not-for-profit organization working to increase public enjoyment and
conservation of butterflies.
Tulsa's Wild Bird
Located at 61st & Yale, they offer a nice selection of binoculars and
An excellent online source for binoculars
and optical equipment
Butterfly Books of Local
Here are some books suggested by Jim Thayer
on getting started in studying butterflies. Many of these books are available for
purchase at Oxley
Nature Center, or through the Amazon.com. By using the Amazon links
provided here Oxley Nature Center will receive a percentage of the sale.
To Spot Butterflies
by Pat and Clay Sutton
The Butterflies of Oklahoma, Kansas, & North Texas
by John Dole, Walter Gerard, & John Nelson
This book was just published in April 2004 and covers 100 of our most
common species with photographs, description, similar species, habitat,
food plants, & range maps by county. The second part of the book contains
sections on life stages and raising butterflies, butterfly gardening,
hotspots with species lists, identification tips, and butterfly
photography. Highly recommended.
of North America
By Jim P. Brock & Kenn Kaufman
Through Binoculars, The East
By Jeffrey Glassberg
A Swift Guide to Butterflies of North America
By Jeffrey Glassberg
A Photographic Field Guide to the Butterﬂies of the Kansas City Region
By Betsy Betros
Caterpillars In The Field And Garden: A Field Guide To The Butterﬂy
Caterpillars of North America
by Thomas Allen, Jim P. Brock and Jeffrey Glassberg
Butterflies and Moths of Missouri
By J. Richard and Joan E. Heitzman
Butterﬂy Gardening For The South
By Geyata Ajilvsgi
Nature Home: How Native Plants Sustain Wildlife in our Gardens
By Douglas W.Tallamy
When you create a garden, you
usually grow plants
When you create a butterﬂy garden, you strive to grow butterflies
Plant your garden in sun
as butterflies need sun (they are solar powered) and plants produce more
nectar in the sun.
In the hot Oklahoma days
of July and August it helps to have some of your garden in partial shade
during the afternoon as it can get too hot for butterflies in full sun.
Shelter from the wind in
all or part of the garden is beneficial.
Plants: Types and
There are two categories
of plants for butterflies. Nectar plants for adults and food plants for
Choose mainly nectar
plants to get started. A variety of butterflies will come to the same
nectar plant, but food plants for caterpillars usually are specific for
only one or a very small range of butterﬂy species. Native plants are
best as they provide for both.
Choose plants that will do
well in the local environment. Not all flowering plants are a nectar
source for butterflies. Find out which ones work from local resources.
Plant your nectar plants
in masses. It is better to have a large number of a few varieties rather
than a few plants of a number of varieties.
Choose plants so that your
garden will give continuous bloom once the butterflies find your space.
Each variety does not need to be always blooming, but part of your
garden needs to be blooming all the time.
To select the proper food
plants you need to know what butterflies are present in your local area.
Butterflies are selective on which plants they lay their eggs. So you
need to know the butterﬂy species to know which plant to use.
An easy group to start
with is providing parsley or bronze fennel for the Black Swallowtail.
Then you can learn about the specific needs of other butterflies.
Except for rare instances,
caterpillars use only native plants for food plants.
Damp area in soil, rocks
Areas for basking in early
Over ripe fruit or tree
Donít Use Chemical
Pesticides kill insects
and butterflies are insects.
Donít worry about
destructive bugs and in time the beneficial ones will establish a
healthy balance in your yard.
Enjoy the show that results from the stage
you have set.
BUTTERFLIES YOU ARE MOST
TO SEE IN YOUR BACKYARD
|Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
|WHITES & SULPHURS
|Great Purple Hairstreak